Health Effects of Diesel Exhaust
- Workers exposed to diesel exhaust face the risk of adverse health
effects ranging from headaches and nausea to cancer and respiratory
- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has proposed classifying
diesel exhaust as a probable human carcinogen.
- The International Agency for Research on Cancer has concluded that
diesel engine exhaust probably causes cancer in humans.
- There is also a link between emissions from diesel-fueled engines
and non-cancer damage to the lung.
- Many studies indicate that breathing vehicle exhaust fumes inside a
firehouse can cause or contribute to serious illnesses (e.g., emphysema,
cancer, heart attack and stroke) and even death for the fire fighters
who work, and many times, eat and sleep in the facility. (Fire Fighter
- Exhaust residue adheres to walls and other surfaces and becomes
embedded in clothing, furniture, etc., where it can be absorbed through
the skin. (Fire Fighter Cancer Foundation)
- More than 40 substances emitted in diesel exhaust are listed as
hazardous air pollutants.
- The number one cause of increased carbon monoxide in the general
environment is vehicle exhaust, which contains on average 2/3 of a pound
of CO for every mile a car travels. (Department of Occupational Health
Why are emissions from diesel-fueled engines of concern to the
- Emissions from diesel-fueled engines are mainly composed of
particulate matter and gases, which contain potential cancer-causing
substances such as arsenic, benzene, formaldehyde, nickel, and
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
- Emissions from diesel-fueled engines currently include over 40
substances that are listed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) as hazardous air pollutants.
- Particulate matter from diesel-fueled engine emissions is small
enough to be inhaled deep into the lungs.
Find a partial list of chemicals associated with diesel
exhaust at www.osha.gov
The AirMATION® Industrial Air Cleaner controls diesel fumes
and soot, airborne particulates, smoke odors, noxious gases, VOCs, welding
smoke, carbon monoxide (CO), lung damaging dust, oil mist, and metal
grindings. AirMATION is a multi-stage progressive air filtration system
designed to clean the air and protect employee health. It comes with a
In air monitoring tests conducted by
independent agencies, AirMATION has demonstrated that it cleans the air
resulting in containment levels far below OSHA and NIOSH recommended
Sources: OSHA, NIOSH, Department of Labor, EPA, Fire
Fighter Cancer Foundation